Parables & The Kingdom of God

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The parable of the sower.

Mat 13:3 And he gave them teaching in the form of a story, saying, A man went out to put seed in the earth;
Mat 13:4 And while he did so, some seeds were dropped by the wayside, and the birds came and took them for food:
Mat 13:5 And some of the seed went among the stones, where it had not much earth, and straight away it came up because the earth was not deep:
Mat 13:6 And when the sun was high, it was burned; and because it had no root it became dry and dead.
Mat 13:7 And some seeds went among thorns, and the thorns came up and they had no room for growth:
Mat 13:8 And some, falling on good earth, gave fruit, some a hundred, some sixty, some thirty times as much.
Mat 13:9 He who has ears, let him give ear. – Gospels According To Matthew

An explanation on the use of parables.

Mat 13:10 And the disciples came and said to him, Why do you say things to them in the form of stories?
Mat 13:11 And he said to them in answer, To you is given the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
Mat 13:12 Because whoever has, to him will be given, and he will have more; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away.
Mat 13:13 For this reason I put things into the form of stories; because they see without seeing, and give ear without hearing, and the sense is not clear to them.
Mat 13:14 And for them the words of Isaiah have come true, Though you give ear, you will not get knowledge; and seeing, you will see, but the sense will not be clear to you:
Mat 13:15 For the heart of this people has become fat and their ears are slow in hearing and their eyes are shut; for fear that they might see with their eyes and give hearing with their ears and become wise in their hearts and be turned again to me, so that I might make them well.
Mat 13:16 But a blessing be on your eyes, because they see; and on your ears, because they are open. Mat 13:17 For truly, I say to you that prophets and upright men had a desire to see the things which you see, and saw them not; and to have knowledge of the words which have come to your ears, and they had it not. – Gospels According To Matthew

An explanation on the parable of the sower. If one becomes confused about the message of Jesus teaching they will instantly forget about it or not absorb it’s meaning. One who takes the meaning with joy but gives up once difficulties arise too strays. Another may become distracted and entangled with the things of this world. Those who take the meaning, hold true through difficulty and ignore the distractions of the world may inherit the kingdom of God.

Mat 13:18 Give ear, then, to the story of the man who put the seed in the earth.
Mat 13:19 When the word of the kingdom comes to anyone, and the sense of it is not clear to him, then the Evil One comes, and quickly takes away that which was put in his heart. He is the seed dropped by the wayside.
Mat 13:20 And that which went on the stones, this is he who, hearing the word, straight away takes it with joy;
Mat 13:21 But having no root in himself, he goes on for a time; and when trouble comes or pain, because of the word, he quickly becomes full of doubts.
Mat 13:22 And that which was dropped among the thorns, this is he who has the word; and the cares of this life, and the deceits of wealth, put a stop to the growth of the word and it gives no fruit.
Mat 13:23 And the seed which was put in good earth, this is he who gives ear to the word, and gets the sense of it; who gives fruit, some a hundred, some sixty, some thirty times as much. – Gospels According To Matthew

Another story.

Mat 13:24 And he gave them another story, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like a man who put good seed in his field:
Mat 13:25 But while men were sleeping, one who had hate for him came and put evil seeds among the grain, and went away.
Mat 13:26 But when the green stem came up and gave fruit, the evil plants were seen at the same time.
Mat 13:27 And the servants of the master of the house came and said to him, Sir, did you not put good seed in your field? how then has it evil plants?
Mat 13:28 And he said, Someone has done this in hate. And the servants say to him, Is it your pleasure that we go and take them up?
Mat 13:29 But he says, No, for fear that by chance while you take up the evil plants, you may be rooting up the grain with them.
Mat 13:30 Let them come up together till the getting in of the grain; and then I will say to the workers, Take up first the evil plants, and put them together for burning: but put the grain into my store-house. – Gospels According To Matthew

Another Story.

Mat 13:31 He put another story before them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed which a man took and put in his field:
Mat 13:32 Which is smaller than all seeds; but when it has come up it is greater than the plants, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of heaven come and make their resting-places in its branches. – Gospels According To Matthew

Finally.

Mat 13:33 Another story he gave to them: The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took, and put in three measures of meal, till it was all leavened. – Gospels According To Matthew

An explanation on the evil plants in the field.

Mat 13:36 Then he went away from the people, and went into the house; and his disciples came to him, saying, Make clear to us the story of the evil plants in the field.
Mat 13:37 And he made answer and said, He who puts the good seed in the earth is the Son of man;
Mat 13:38 And the field is the world; and the good seed is the sons of the kingdom; and the evil seeds are the sons of the Evil One;
Mat 13:39 And he who put them in the earth is Satan; and the getting in of the grain is the end of the world; and those who get it in are the angels.
Mat 13:40 As then the evil plants are got together and burned with fire, so will it be in the end of the world.
Mat 13:41 The Son of man will send out his angels, and they will take out of his kingdom everything which is a cause of error, and all those who do wrong,
Mat 13:42 And will put them into the fire; there will be weeping and cries of sorrow.
Mat 13:43 Then will the upright be shining as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him give ear.

More Parables.

Mat 13:44 The kingdom of heaven is like a secret store of wealth in a field, which a man came across and put back again; and in his joy he goes and gives all he has, to get that field.
Mat 13:45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a trader searching for beautiful jewels.
Mat 13:46 And having come across one jewel of great price, he went and gave all he had in exchange for it.
Mat 13:47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net, which was put into the sea and took in every sort of fish:
Mat 13:48 When it was full, they took it up on the sands; and seated there they put the good into vessels, but the bad they put away.
Mat 13:49 So will it be in the end of the world: the angels will come and take out the bad from the good,

This may suggest, that those making records of Jesus teaching and spreading the scriptures should quote relevant scripture along with their new revelations. Perhaps to suggest that his teachings, hidden from the creation of the world, offer completion and clarity to those that had come before. To add context for contemporary settings and to explain which parts were altered and added by men.

Mat 13:49 So will it be in the end of the world: the angels will come and take out the bad from the good,
Mat 13:50 And will put them into the fire: there will be weeping and cries of sorrow.
Mat 13:51 Are all these things now clear to you? They say to him, Yes.
Mat 13:52 And he said to them, For this reason every scribe who has become a disciple of the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house, who gives out from his store things new and old.

Here the disciples incorrectly understand Jesus’ parable and take it literally when they should have taken it figuratively.

Mat 16:5 And when the disciples came to the other side they had not taken thought to get bread.
Mat 16:6 And Jesus said to them, Take care to have nothing to do with the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Mat 16:7 And they were reasoning among themselves, saying, We took no bread.
Mat 16:8 And Jesus, seeing it, said, O you of little faith, why are you reasoning among yourselves, because you have no bread?
Mat 16:9 Do you still not see, or keep in mind the five cakes of bread of the five thousand, and the number of baskets you took up?
Mat 16:10 Or the seven cakes of bread of the four thousand, and the number of baskets you took up?
Mat 16:11 How is it that you do not see that I was not talking to you about bread, but about keeping away from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees?
Mat 16:12 Then they saw that it was not the leaven of bread which he had in mind, but the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Mak 8:14 And they had taken no thought to get bread; and they had only one cake of bread with them in the boat.
Mak 8:15 And he said to them, Take care to be on the watch against the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.
Mak 8:16 And they said to one another, We have no bread.
Mak 8:17 And Jesus, hearing it, said to them, Why are you reasoning among yourselves because you have no bread? do you still not see, and is it still not clear to you? are your hearts so hard?
Mak 8:18 Having eyes, do you not see? and having ears, have you no hearing? and have you no memory?
Mak 8:19 When I made a division of the five cakes of bread among the five thousand, what number of baskets full of broken bits did you take up? They said to him, Twelve.
Mak 8:20 And when the seven among the four thousand, what number of baskets full of broken bits did you take up? And they said to him, Seven.
Mak 8:21 And he said to them, Is it still not clear to you?

This looks to be a similar problem. This teaching is not suggesting cannibalism or ritual sacrifice.

Jhn 6:52 Then the Jews had an angry discussion among themselves, saying, How is it possible for this man to give us his flesh for food?
Jhn 6:53 Then Jesus said to them, Truly I say to you, If you do not take the flesh of the Son of man for food, and if you do not take his blood for drink, you have no life in you.
Jhn 6:54 He who takes my flesh for food and my blood for drink has eternal life: and I will take him up from the dead at the last day.
Jhn 6:55 My flesh is true food and my blood is true drink.
Jhn 6:56 He who takes my flesh for food and my blood for drink is in me and I in him.
Jhn 6:57 As the living Father has sent me, and I have life because of the Father, even so he who takes me for his food will have life because of me.

Continuing with the analogy, Jesus is comparing his bread with the bread the Jews ate in the desert. He is saying that his bread gives spiritual life while the bread the Israelites ate leads to spiritual death. This would seem to suggest that the old teaching recorded by scribes in the desert is incorrect and leads to spiritual death while the new teachings offered by Jesus lead to spiritual life.

Jhn 6:58 This is the bread which has come down from heaven. It is not like the food which your fathers had: they took of the manna, and are dead; but he who takes this bread for food will have life for ever.
Jhn 6:59 Jesus said these things in the Synagogue while he was teaching at Capernaum.
Jhn 6:60 Then, hearing this, a number of his disciples said, This is a hard saying; who is able to take in such teaching?
Jhn 6:61 When Jesus became conscious that his disciples were protesting about what he said, he said to them, Does this give you trouble?
Jhn 6:62 What then will you say if you see the Son of man going up to where he was before?
Jhn 6:63 The spirit is the life giver; the flesh is of no value: the words which I have said to you are spirit and they are life.
Jhn 6:64 But still some of you have no faith. For it was clear to Jesus from the first who they were who had no faith, and who it was who would be false to him.
Jhn 6:65 And he said, This is why I said to you, No man is able to come to me if he is not given the power to do so by the Father.
Jhn 6:66 Because of what he said, a number of the disciples went back and would no longer go with him.

Here Jesus points out that forgiveness of sins is worth more to the greatest of sinners than to the least of sinners. One of larger debt is ever more grateful for forgiveness of that debt than one of little debt. The parable of the lost sheep suggests that one can be saved no matter how far gone. Perhaps too that all souls will be collected.

Luk 15:1 Now all the tax-farmers and sinners came near to give ear to him.
Luk 15:2 And the Pharisees and scribes were angry, saying, This man gives approval to sinners, and takes food with them.
Luk 15:3 And he made a story for them, saying,
Luk 15:4 What man of you, having a hundred sheep, if one of them gets loose and goes away, will not let the ninety-nine be in the waste land by themselves, and go after the wandering one, till he sees where it is?
Luk 15:5 And when he has got it again, he takes it in his arms with joy.
Luk 15:6 And when he gets back to his house, he sends for his neighbours and friends, saying to them, Be glad with me, for I have got back my sheep which had gone away.
Luk 15:7 I say to you that even so there will be more joy in heaven when one sinner is turned away from his wrongdoing, than for ninety-nine good men, who have no need of a change of heart.

A similar story. Again seeming to emphasise the amount of trouble Jesus/Angels/God would be willing to go through in order to help someone who is lost.

Luk 15:8 Or what woman, having ten bits of silver, if one bit has gone from her hands, will not get a light, and go through her house, searching with care till she sees it?
Luk 15:9 And when she has it again, she gets her friends and neighbours together, saying, Be glad with me, for I have got back the bit of silver which had gone from me.
Luk 15:10 Even so, I say to you, There is joy among the angels of God, when one sinner is turned away from his wrongdoing.

Here a man takes much joy in the return of a lost son. The son who never left, was envious of this joy, but the man explained that the son was dead and now is alive. This is worth special attention.

Luk 15:11 And he said, A certain man had two sons:
Luk 15:12 And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me that part of your property which will be mine. And he made division of his goods between them.
Luk 15:13 And not long after, the younger son got together everything which was his and took a journey into a far-away country, and there all his money went in foolish living.
Luk 15:14 And when everything was gone, there was no food to be had in that country, and he was in need.
Luk 15:15 And he went and put himself into the hands of one of the people of that country, and he sent him into his fields to give the pigs their food.
Luk 15:16 And so great was his need that he would have been glad to take the pigs’ food, and no one gave him anything.
Luk 15:17 But when he came to his senses, he said, What numbers of my father’s servants have bread enough, and more, while I am near to death here through need of food!
Luk 15:18 I will get up and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have done wrong, against heaven and in your eyes:
Luk 15:19 I am no longer good enough to be named your son: make me like one of your servants.
Luk 15:20 And he got up and went to his father. But while he was still far away, his father saw him and was moved with pity for him and went quickly and took him in his arms and gave him a kiss.
Luk 15:21 And his son said to him, Father, I have done wrong, against heaven and in your eyes: I am no longer good enough to be named your son.
Luk 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Get out the first robe quickly, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand and shoes on his feet:
Luk 15:23 And get the fat young ox and put it to death, and let us have a feast, and be glad.
Luk 15:24 For this, my son, who was dead, is living again; he had gone away from me, and has come back. And they were full of joy.
Luk 15:25 Now the older son was in the field: and when he came near the house, the sounds of music and dancing came to his ears.
Luk 15:26 And he sent for one of the servants, questioning him about what it might be.
Luk 15:27 And he said to him, Your brother has come; and your father has had the young ox put to death because he has come back safely.
Luk 15:28 But he was angry and would not go in; and his father came out and made a request to him to come in.
Luk 15:29 But he made answer and said to his father, See, all these years I have been your servant, doing your orders in everything: and you never gave me even a young goat so that I might have a feast with my friends:
Luk 15:30 But when this your son came, who has been wasting your property with bad women, you put to death the fat young ox for him.
Luk 15:31 And he said to him, Son, you are with me at all times, and all I have is yours.
Luk 15:32 But it was right to be glad and to have a feast; for this your brother, who was dead, is living again; he had gone away and has come back.

:: Kingdom of Heaven ::

Kingdom of heaven is like
a king who married his son
all are invited
servants sent forth to call those bidden
would not come
sent more servants
told them again
they went on with their lives
priests took servants and slew dawdlers
king got mad used armies to murder and burn remnant
wedding ready but those bidden unworthy
servants go to highways and find more people
found bad and good
wedding furnished with guests
when king saw guests saw a man not in wedding garment
said why no garment
he was speechless
king said to servants, bind hand and foot then take away, throw into the outer dark

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